Here is the standard that we are currently working on in 5th Grade Language Arts:
RL5.4 Figurative Language.
This includes literary devices such as similes, metaphors, idioms, allusions, hyperbole, and personification.
We will be talking about Puns and the many different styles of irony, as well.
During our discussions, we explore figurative language in classic and modern literature, popular television, and music. We also get to make up our own. It's really fun to be creative together!
The Christmas tree was as big as the Eiffel Tower.
(This example includes a simile, hyperbole, and an allusion, and was created by students during our class discussions.)
-This example is a simile because it compares two unlike things using "like" or "as".
-It is a hyperbole because, although a Christmas tree can be quite large, comparing it to the Eiffel Tower is an exaggeration.
-By alluding, or pointing to, the Eiffel Tower, we are creating imagery about our Christmas tree in the reader's mind.